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March 4, 2021

Studies on the association of cancer and risk of dementia are inconclusive due to result heterogeneity and concerns of survivor bias and unmeasured confounding.

This study uses data from the Memento cohort, a French multicenter cohort following persons with either mild or isolated cognitive complaints for a median of 5 years. Illness‐death models (IDMs) were used to estimate transition‐specific hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for incident cancer in relation to dementia from time since study entry.

The analytical sample (N = 2258) excluded 65 individuals without follow‐up information. At the end of follow‐up, 286 individuals were diagnosed with dementia, 166 with incident cancer, and 95 died. Incident cancer was associated with a reduced risk of dementia (HR = 0.58, 95% CI = 0.35‐0.97), with a corresponding E‐value of 2.84 (lower CI = 1.21).

This study supports a protective relationship between incident cancer and dementia, encouraging further investigations to understand potential underlying mechanisms.

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Author: Jonviea D. Chamberlain,
Anaïs Rouanet,
Bruno Dubois,
Florence Pasquier,
Olivier Hanon,
Audrey Gabelle,
Mathieu Ceccaldi,
Pierre Krolak‐Salmon,
Yannick Béjot,
Olivier Godefroy,
David Wallon,
Armelle Gentric,
Geneviève Chêne,
Carole Dufouil,
Memento Study group